Placer Mining in Canada
The most important placer deposit in Canada was located in the country drained by the Chaudiere River in Quebec, which is the capital city of Province, as well as a St. Lawrence River port. The first placer discovery took place in 1823; however, the large scale mining activities were not done until 1875 when the miners found that the overburden was problem, as well as the big boulders, and the slow running of the stream that made it difficult to carry out sluicing efficiently. Given these problems, it caused there to be certain limitations in the exploitation; however there most likely remains to be profitable occurrences of gold as well as other placer minerals in the area. There have been many occurrences of gold located in the streams that are in New Brunswick, nonetheless, given that it was not a very easy place for operations there have not been a great amount of prospectors that have sought out the area thoroughly and it is possible that this area contains good possibilities. At one point in 1900 Nova Scotia had a record yield of 33,955 ounces of gold that was mined; however, the costs of the labor and materials caused the activity to end. Just like what takes place in most Canadian occurrences of gold, the ones that have been discovered in Newfoundland have been exposed to glaciation all over the continent, and minor enrichment is as a result not paid a lot of attention to and the placers that are known to have gold are not common, even though big areas of the island have not yet prospected thoroughly. The first major discovery of gold in the British Columbia took place in 1857 and was on the Thompson River, which is a tributary of the Fraser River where a great amount of gold was found when the miners in California found out about it. A gold rush started and in 1860 it got to the Cariboo district where the placers yielded more than fifty million dollars worth in gold. There is not a great deal of activity that goes on in this area now though. The gravel punchers went from the Cariboo district to the north and there were able to find some good placers in the Cassiar, Omineca, and Atlin areas of the Province. This area does not have a great deal of activity going on now though.
Placer areas of Canada
In 1896, perhaps the biggest gold rush ever started when gold was discovered on the Bonanza Creek, which is a tributary of the Klondike River. The highest production at the time was of twenty two million dollars in 1900. Apart from a few other placer areas that were found in the Yukon territory later on, the Peace and North Saskatchewan Rivers that are in the British Columbia and Alberta are the only drainages in the west of Canada and where placer mining has been carried out efficiently. Those thinking about prospecting for placer gold in Canada may want to consider the parts of the Yukon and the northern part of the British Columbia given that these areas have not been searched extremely thoroughly, mainly in the areas that are not swept by glaciers and where metamorphic mineral carrying or igneous rock occurs. If you see glaciers that have ground past, thin valleys with a v shape, and mainly those that are have rock bench rims, make sure to pay attention to these areas and the valleys rounded and eroded by extreme glacial occurrences.