Ancient Gold Facts
Believe it or not gold has an extensive occurrence in almost every country of the world and has been one of the biggest factors these places were explored to begin with and obviously settled in as well. Just to name some of the places where ancient gold mines have been found we will mention some: Africa, Asia, Egypt, Spain, France, Great Britain, Yugoslavia, Romania, Greece, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Iran, India, China, Japan, and the U.S.S.R, United States of America and so forth, just to mention a few.
Ancient placers have produced gold from the rivers Tagus, Guadalquivir, Tiber, Po, Rhone, Rhine, Hebrus, Nile, Zambezi, Niger, Senegal, Pactolus, Oxus, Indus, Ganges, Lena, Aldan, Amur, Yangtze, and many, many more. The artisans of the first civilizations of Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley worked in gold that had been found in many areas in the Caucasus and Middle Asia, the Middle East, and the Indian Peninsula.
The Egyptians used to mine gold comprehensively in eastern Egypt and Sudan as far back as four thousand years ago and it is said that the Persians, Romans and Greeks actually learned about the methods of how to do mining, prospecting, from the Egyptians. The Greeks and Romans mined gold ores from the extensive metalliferous areas that existed in their empires.
In comparison with the gold placers and mines of the Old World, those in areas of the New World might be just as ancient, even though it would seem that the aborigines of North and South America did not put a great amount of importance on gold outside of using it for their jewelry, and special ornaments and so forth. Columbus of Genoa found that the natives of Haiti had gold nuggets in 1492, and this was obviously something that thrilled the Spaniards to where they then decided to conquer Mexico and South America, where in 1550 they landed their own big find in the magnificent placer deposits of Colombia.
The Portuguese in Brazil also went after gold throughout the last half of the sixteenth century, but the deposits they found were not very big and they were only mined every so often for the duration of the seventeenth century. In 1693 rich deposits of gold were found in Minas Geraes, and for a century after that this state was one of the world's most important suppliers of the precious metal. One of these deposits, which was the well known Morro Velho, has been mined by underground workings for almost a century and a half and continues to be productive.
Ever since the start of the nineteenth century prospecting for gold has taken place extensively over Canada and the United States, and these lead to a lot of gold rushes, the first one being in California in 1848, then in British Columbia in 1857, and still later on in the Klondike, Yukon in 1896 as well as in Nome, Alaska in 1899. After the these placers became exhausted or close to exhausted, miners then started looking into bedrock deposits during the last half of the nineteenth century and the first half of our actual century. The Mother Lode and Grass Valley in California and the famous Comstock Lode in Nevada were discovered and developed in the 1850s. The gold telluride deposits of Cripple Creek in Colorado were located in 1892, and by 1905 the Tonopah and Goldfield districts in Nevada were well under expansion and development.
In the west side of Canada the bedrock gold deposits in British Columbia first obtained interest in 1863 throughout the first great placer gold rushes that occurred in the province. These areas were not worked on extensively though, and a lot of them were just left to be. The area in the surrounding area of the Cariboo Gold Quartz and Island Mountain mines in the Barkerville district was prospected in 1860, and a little bit of mining was done in 1876. Large-scale mining then took place in 1933 and 1934 correspondingly in both mines.
In 1897 the Cadwallader gold belt in the Bridge River district, that had the Bralorne and Pioneer deposits, was prospected, nevertheless it was not until 1928 that the Pioneer mine was finally put into production and then in 1932 by the Bratorne mine. Rossland in West Kootenay District was located in 1889 and went into production in 1890.
The finding of a rich gold placer in Australasia first occurred in 1851 close to Bathurst, New South Wales, and Australia. After this came the discoveries of big eluvial placer and bedrock gold deposits in Australia at Bendigo and Ballarat in 1851, Gympie in 1867, Charters Towers in 1870, Beaconsfield in Tasmania in 1876, Mount Morgan in 1886, Kimberley in 1886, Coolgardie in 1892, Kalgoorlie in 1893, and Tennant Creek in 1932 in that order.
In eastern Canada lode gold was first worked in Nova Scotia in the late 1850s, and then in 1866 by the initial discovery of lode gold in the Canadian Shield close to Madoc, Hastings County, in Ontario. Subsequent to the finding of the native silver deposits at Cobalt, Ontario in 1903, prospectors went commonly over the Precambrian areas of Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and the areas in the Northwest. In Ontario and Quebec, Abitibi and Larder Lake were discovered in 1906; Porcupine in 1909; Swastika in 1910; Kirkland Lake in 1911; Matachewan in 1916; Rouyn on 1924; and Red Lake in 1925. The Rice Lake district was discovered in 1911, and in Northwest Territories, the deposits in the sediments of the Yellowknife area were discovered in 1933 and those in the greenstones in 1935. The most recent discoveries in the Canadian Shield were the big auriferous ore bodies in the Hemlo area, located in the northwest of Ontario, Canada; it was previously discovered in 1869 and expansively developed at the beginning of the 1980s.